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Welcome to the B.C. Food System Policy Database

This database is a centralized resource for planners, policy makers, community advocates, local organizations and the policy curious to search for policy precedents and to better understand how local government policy in B.C. is addressing local food systems. Search by a range of characteristics to find food system policies that have been adopted by local governments across B.C. For more information about using the database and how it was developed see How to use the Database

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2) For topic and subtopic searches: Choose 'Is one of' to search for policies that include ANY of the (sub)topics selected and therefore broaden the search. Choose 'Is all of' to search for policies which include ALL of the selected (sub)topics and therefore narrow the search.

3) To view the policy contained in each document, or a description of relevant content, click "View Details", or click the document title to view the selection on its own.

4) After applying your search criteria, you can use CTRL + F on your keyboard to easily find topics/subtopics of interest within a given policy document.

 

 

 


Institute for Sustainable Food Systems

Displaying 191 - 200 of 213 Results

Topic: Water Management

Sub-topics: water rate for agriculture

Region: North Okanagan | Document Type: Regulatory Bylaw | Year: 2005

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A bylaw to provide for the management and fixing of rates, terms and conditions under which irrigation water may be supplied from the irrigation water system of the City of Vernon.

Topic: Food Processing, Storage & Distribution, Urban Agriculture

Sub-topics: agricultural industry services, zoning, greenhouses, siting and coverage, ALR, urban chickens, livestock

Region: Kitimat-Stikine | Document Type: Zoning Bylaw | Year: 2014

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Topic Sub-Topic Policy or Policy Ecerpt Document Location

urban agriculture;

food production;

livestock;

urban chickens;

greenhouses;

Urban Agriculture

.1 The keeping of backyard hens and bees is a permitted use in the City of Terrace, as set out in the City’s Animal Control Bylaw.

.2 Small Scale Urban Agriculture is a permitted use in the R1, R1-A, R2, RS1, P1 and P2 zones, under the following conditions: a. A greenhouse is subject to the setback requirements for an accessory building, and is permitted to a maximum size of 20 m2 ; and b. Lighting is permitted within a greenhouse, provided that the lighting is not directed onto neighbouring parcels.

3.3
development and productive use of agricultural land;

sinting and coverage;

ALR;

See document for siting regulations for buildings and structures in agricultural zones (AR1 and AR2).

10.1.3; 10.2.3
food processing, storage and distribution; agricultural industry services; See document for regulations for Light Industrial (M1) and Heavy Industrial (M2) zones. 13.1 and 13.2

 

Topic: Food Production, Urban Agriculture

Sub-topics: urban chickens, beekeeping/apiculture, pollinators, livestock

Region: Kitimat-Stikine | Document Type: Regulatory Bylaw | Year: 2011-2012

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Topic Sub-topic Policy or Policy Excerpt Document Location

food production;

urban agriculture;

urban chickens;

livestock;

Backyard Hens (Added by #1977-2011)

Permitted Areas

In residential zones R1, R1-A and R2 (as well as existing permitted areas shown on SCHEDULE “B”) the keeping of up to four (4) backyard hens will be permitted for personal use, provided that no neighbourhood health, environmental or nuisance problems result. Keeping of Hens A person who keeps one (1) or more hens, up to a maximum of four (4), must:

(a) reside on the property where the hens are kept, or obtain written permission from the property owner;

(b) situate hens in a back or sideyard which is fully fenced;

(c) situate coops at least one and a half (1.5) metres from the property line and three (3) metres from windows and doors of a dwelling; Animal Control - 12 - Bylaw No. 1255-1991 (Consolidated)

(d) provide each hen with at least 0.5 metres squared (0.5 m2 ) of coop floor area, and at least 1.0 metre squared (1.0 m²) of roofed outdoor enclosure;

(e) provide and maintain, in each coop, at least one perch, for each hen, that is at least fifteen (15) centimetres long, and one nest box;

(f) provide and maintain a floor of any combination of vegetated or bare earth in each outdoor enclosure;

(g) not keep hens in a cage;

(h) provide each hen with food, water, shelter, light, ventilation, veterinary care, and opportunities for essential behaviors such as scratching, dust-bathing, and roosting, all sufficient to maintain the hen in good health;

(i) maintain each hen enclosure in good repair, in a manner that prevents entrance by other animals (fully enclosed) and keep the enclosure in sanitary condition, free from vermin and obnoxious smells and substances;

(j) follow biosecurity procedures recommended by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency;

(k) keep hens for personal use only, and not sell eggs, manure, meat, or other products derived from hens;

(l) not slaughter, or attempt to euthanize, a hen on the property; and (m) register the backyard hens with the City of Terrace Animal Shelter.

13.3

food production;

urban agriculture'

beekeeping/apiculture;

pollinators;

livestock;

Keeping of Backyard Bees: (Added by #1991-2012)

Permitted Areas

In residential zones R1, R1-A, R2 and designated City of Terrace Community Garden properties (in addition to existing permitted areas shown on SCHEDULE “B”) the keeping of up to two (2) beehives as well as (2) nucleus colonies will be permitted for personal use, provided that no neighbourhood health, environmental or nuisance problems result. Keeping of Beehives Animal Control - 13 - Bylaw No. 1255-1991 (Consolidated)

(a) no more than two beehives and two nucleus colonies are permitted in residential zones R1, R1-A, R2 and designated City of Terrace Community Garden properties;

(b) beehives are for personal use only;

(c) residents keeping beehives must reside on the property where the beehives are kept, or obtain written permission from the property owner;

(d) beehives are restricted to backyards;

(e) all permitted beehives must be registered with the apiculture registration system for British Columbia, coordinated by the BC Ministry of Agriculture (BCMA). Under the authority of the Provincial Bee Act, a person must not keep bees or possess beehive equipment unless the person is registered;

(f) site of all beehives shall comply with a 1.5 metre setback from side and rear parcel lines; and

(g) each beehive shall comply with one of the following requirements in order to ensure the appropriate height of honeybee flight path:  The entrance to the beehive(s) will be facing away from neighbouring properties and be located in a backyard which has a continuous fence or hedge that is 1.8 metres in height, or;  If installed on an elevated platform (deck, rooftop, etc.) beehive(s) will be situated 2.5 metres or more above ground level.

13.4

 

Topic: Food Production, Urban Agriculture

Sub-topics: urban chickens, livestock

Region: Metro Vancouver | Document Type: Regulatory Bylaw | Year: amendment 2012

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Topic Sub-topic Policy or Policy Excerpt Document Location

food production;

urban agriculture;

urban chickens;

livestock;

“No person shall keep, harbour or permit to remain upon permitted premises within the City of North Vancouver more than eight (8) hens in aggregate”

“Hens shall be kept for personal use only, and eggs, manure, meat, and other products derived from hens shall not be sold”.

“The keeping of roosters is prohibited”.

“Hens shall not be slaughtered or euthanized on the property. Hens shall only be disposed of by delivering to a farm, abattoir, veterinarian, or other facility that has the ability to dispose of hens lawfully”.

“The keeping of hens shall comply with all zoning requirements as per Zoning Bylaw No. 6700”

section 2

 

Topic: Food Production, Urban Agriculture

Sub-topics: beekeeping/apiculture, pollinators, livestock

Region: Metro Vancouver | Document Type: Regulatory Bylaw | Year: 2009

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The purpose of this bylaw is to regulate the keeping of bees as a hobby by residents of the City of North Vancouver and to provide for education of the general public in urban apiculture.

Topic: Wildlife/Environmental/Pest Management

Sub-topics: pilot project, pollinators

Region: Metro Vancouver | Document Type: Pilot Program | Year: n.d.

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Pilot project in the City of North Vancouver places bee nesting boxes in areas of the City with good bee habitat in order to help measure native bee populations on the North Shore and supportconservation efforts.

Topic: Food Processing, Storage & Distribution, Urban Agriculture

Sub-topics: zoning, food storage, food distribution, agricultural industry services, urban gardens/orchard

Region: Central Kootenay | Document Type: Zoning Bylaw | Year: consolidated 2013

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topic Sub-topic Policy or Policy excerpt Document Location

urban agriculture;

urban gardens/orchard;

Uses Permitted in All Zones

The following uses shall be permitted in all zones within this bylaw:

... d. Community Gardens...

1.1.2 (d)
food procesing, storage and distribution;

food storage;

agricultural industry services;

food distribution;

See document for regulations of Industrial Zones (M1) and Waterfront Mixed-Use Industrial & Commercial Zone (MU4), which permit food storage (warehousing).

7.1;

5.4;

 

Supplementary Information

 

Municipal Planner Interview with the City of Nelson Re: Zoning for Community Gardens and Food Storage

Nelson’s 2013 OCP and Zoning Bylaw update included accommodations to increase food storage and distribution in the City and permit community gardens in all zones.

Policy Development and Community Consultation

The OCP and zoning bylaw updates in 2013 were informed by Nelson’s Sustainability Plan (“Nelson Path to 2040”, 2011), which identified food security and agriculture as a focal area for future planning and development. This precedent in a high-level planning document facilitated the inclusion of food security/agricultural goals and policies within the OCP and Zoning Bylaw, including increased land use accommodations for warehousing and permitting community gardens throughout the City.

Both the OCP and the zoning bylaw included public engagement components in the form of open houses. At these forums, members of the public were invited to review and comment on the proposed bylaw and plan changes. The proposed changes to these policies were supported throughout the community consultation process.

Policy Adoption

The adoption of these particular zoning bylaw amendments resulted from discussions of how the City of Nelson can best support local food security. Recognizing the importance of agriculture and food production in the region, and the limited land base available within the City to support food production, Nelson adopted policies within its OCP and zoning bylaw to allow community gardens in all zones as well as support the storage and distribution of food from the surrounding agricultural region.

Policy Outcomes and Recommendations

Since the policies were adopted, one community garden has been established in a residential area of Nelson. The community garden project, proposed by a local food charity called the Nelson Food Cupboard, provides fresh produce and skills training to community members.

Now that the changes allowing warehousing and commercial storage in the City have been put in place, the City of Nelson aspires to play a more significant role as a distribution hub for the region’s agricultural sector.  With these provisions in the City’s zoning bylaw, and a food policy council currently being formed in the region, Nelson is anticipating identifying and enhancing its role in the regional food system.

 

References

City of Nelson, Development Services and Engineering, personal communication, October 2016

 

 

Topic: Development and Productive use of Agricultural Land, Economic Development, Food Processing, Storage & Distribution, Food Production, Food Sales, Access & Procurement, Urban Agriculture

Sub-topics: agri-tourism, ALR, ALR subdivision, farm home plate, farm retail/farm gate sales, farm worker accommodation, farmers' markets, food processing, greenhouses, home occupation/home based businesses, livestock, residential development, siting and coverage, urban gardens/orchard, zoning

Region: Central Okanagan | Document Type: Zoning Bylaw | Year: consolidated 2019

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Topic Sub-topic Policy or Policy Excerpt Document Location

food production;

urban agriculture;

zoning;

greenhouses;

Urban Agriculture

Where food is produced for consumption by residents of the subject parcel only, and is
in association with an existing principal use – single family dwelling,urban agriculture
must comply with the following:
a) greenhouses are permitted to a maximum of 30m2 in total floor area;
b) greenhouses, accessory buildings or structures associated with urban agriculture
shall conform to the applicable zoning requirements for accessory buildings or
structures and the relevant zone. A greenhouse is not included in the calculation
of site coverage for accessory buildings or structures;...

See document for additional regulations related to urban agriculture.

9.10

food production;

urban agriculture;

zoning;

urban gardens and orchards;

Multi-residential Shared Garden

A Multi-residential shared garden must be solely for the use of the residents on
the parcel. Multi-residential shared gardens shall:
(a) be screened from adjacent streets and/or parking area by landscaping;
(b) be integrated into the overall landscape design;
(c) be located on a parcel where exposure to sunlight is optimal;...

See document for additional regulations related to multi-residential shared gardens.

9.11

food production;

urban agriculture;

zoning;

urban gardens and orchards;

Community Gardens

In order to be permitted on a parcel a Community Garden shall:
(a) conform to the applicable zoning requirements for accessory buildings or
structures, or greenhouse when accommodating these structures in
conjunction with a community garden;
(b) be delineated from adjacent streets and/or parking areas by landscaping;
(c) have no or materials related to the community garden stored outside on the
parcel;...

See document for additional regulations related to community gardens.

9.12
development and productive use of agricultural land;

zoning;

farm worker accommodation;

See document for additional regulations related to temporary farm workers accommodations. 9.13
development and productive use of agricultural land;

ALR subdivision;

ALR;

Subdivision Regulations

(a) The minimum lot width is 40.0 m.
(b) The minimum lot area is 4.0 ha

11.1.5
development and productive use of agricultural land;

siting and coverage;

ALR;

See document for siting and coverage regulations for buildings and structures in Agricultural Zones.

11.1.6
development and productive use of agricultural land

farm home plate;

residential development;

For lots 0.4 ha and greater, a residential footprint must be registered on title for any residential development triggered by a Farm Protection Develoment Permit.The
maximum residential footprint is 2,000 m2. A second residential footprint up to 1,000 m2 may be registered for a mobile home for immediate family where permitted.
11.1.6 (c)
food processing, storage & distribution;

food processing;

siting and coverage

Not withstanding subsections 11.1.6(a), confined livestock areas and/or buildings housing more than 4 animals, or used for the processing of animal products, shall not be located any closer than 30.0 m from the lot line where the lot line borders a residential zone. 11.1.6 (f)
food processing, storage and distribution;

home occupation/home based businesses;

food processing;

livestock;

ALR;

 

When a home based business, rural involves the cutting and wrapping of wild game
or any meat, the lot must have a minimum lot area greater than 0.33 ha.

11.1.7 (a)
food sales, access and procurement;

farn retail/gate sales;

ALR;

Agricultural and garden stands selling only produce grown on the site or another site operated by the same producer do not have a maximum area. The maximum gross floor area of stands selling produce that is produced off-site shall be 50.0 m². For sites within the Agricultural Land Reserve, the maximum gross floor area of agricultural and garden sales for produce produced off-site or off-farm products shall be the lesser of one-third of the total floor area of the agricultural and garden sales stand or 100.0 m². 11.1.7 (c)
economic development;

agri-tourism;

ALR;

residential development;

(j) Bed and breakfast homes or group homes, minor in combination with a secondary suite shall not be located on parcels less than 2.0 ha in size. 

11.1.7 (j)
economic development;

agri-tourism;

ALR;

residential development;

The following uses are specifically prohibited in the A1 – Agriculture Zone, in accordance with the requirements of the ALC Regulations to prohibit explicitly: (a) agri-tourist accommodation, as defined by the ALC Regulation....

11.1.10.
urban agriculture;

urban gardens/orchard;

residential development;

Urban agriculture permitted in all urban residential zones. section 13
food sales, access & procurement;

farmers' markets;

Purpose
The purpose is to provide for an agribusiness and agritourism zone that meets local and tourist demand for agricultural products, services and experiences. Due to the seasonal nature of agriculture, this zone also provides for a flexible range of secondary uses which serve local residents on a year round basis.
Section 18, Schedule B, CD23

 

Topic: Food Sales, Access & Procurement

Sub-topics: zoning

Region: Central Okanagan | Document Type: Zoning Bylaw | Year: 2009

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Topic Sub-topic Policy or Policy Excerpt Document Location
food sales, access and procurement; farmers' market;

Purpose

The purpose is to provide for an agribusiness and agritourism zone that meets local and tourist demand for agricultural products, services and experiences. Due to the seasonal nature of agriculture, this zone also provides for a flexible range of secondary uses which serve local residents on a year round basis.... See document for regulations for Public Market and Open-Air Market Comprehensive Development Zones (CD23).

Section18, Schedule B, CD23

 

Topic: Urban - Agriculture Conflict & Edge Planning

Sub-topics: protection of farming development permit area

Region: Central Okanagan | Document Type: Official Community Plan | Year: 2013

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See Chapter 15 of the City of Kelowna's Official Community Plan for Farm Protection Development Permit Guidelines.