When conducting research it is important to distinguish between journal articles and magazine articles. Journal articles are typically referred to as "scholarly," while magazine articles are usually considered "popular". A third category, "trade" magazines or journals, are written for professionals in a particular field but are not strictly research related. Below are additional criteria to consider when differentiating between journals and magazines.
|Criteria||Scholarly Journal||Popular Magazine||Trade Magazine/Journal|
|Audience||Academics and Professionals||General public||People in business|
|Authors||Experts or specialist (PhD). Unpaid.||Journalists, staff writers, or freelance writers. Paid.||Staff writers, industry specialists, or vendor representatives.
|Editorial Review||Journal editorial board and peer reviewers. Unpaid.||Professional editors. Paid.||Professional editors or staff. Usually paid.|
|References/Works Cited||Almost always.||Rarely.||Sometimes.|
|Example Journal||Ecology||New Scientist||Biocycle|
“Established in 1920, Ecology publishes research and synthesis
“Featuring a selection of the latest news stories
“BioCycle is recognized worldwide for its authoritative
|Example Article Title||“Trump’s anti-science era begins”||Economic Impact of Food Scraps Diversion&rdquo|
|Price||$1203 USD/year (12 issues)||$99 CND/year (52 issues)||$79 USD/year (11 issues)|
KPU Library’s guide developed by Chris Burns (Revised June 2017 by Celia Brinkerhoff)
Based on “Teach Yourself: Understanding Scholarly Sources” created by North Carolina State University Libraries.